What are ECCNs? - Basics about Export Control Classification Numbers
Updated: Jun 9
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) under the U.S. Department of Commerce regulates export transactions of all goods that fall under the jurisdiction of Federal Regulation Title 15 - Commerce and Foreign Trade (15 CFR). Most items regulated by BIS require no license but those that do can be found on the Commerce Control List (CCL) and are classified by an Export Control Classification Number (ECCN).
Parts of an ECCN
Categories - The first number in an ECCN is the category. The category is a broad classification for the type of good being regulated. The categories range from zero to nine and include general classifications such as computers, electronics and marine.
Product - The letter proceeding the first number is the product group. Within a given category the actual product may be a product, material, software, technology or any of the five product groups.
Type of Control - The last three digits in an ECCN signify the type of control and correlate with the specific good to be exported. Once an exporter determines the category and product of their goods, they must then look through the types of controls to determine which one is the most applicable.
Reason for Control and Exceptions
Under the description of each ECCN there may be a a two letter code that signifies the reason for control. These two letter codes are used alongside the Commerce Country Chart to signal to an exporter whether a special license is needed to conduct an otherwise prohibited export transaction.
Alongside the reason for control there may be at least one of seventeen exceptions listed under an ECCN. Typically the ECCN will list whether an ECCN is not applicable to that particular good. These exceptions may be used to exclude an export from needing a special license depending on the particular exception being used and the destined country.
Ready to Learn More About CBP, OFAC,
BIS, and FDA? - for free! Details below.
We have dozens (literally!) of videos in our educational library on our You Tube channel related to importing, exporting, US Customs, BIS, OFAC, FDA, NFTs, and so much more. Subscribe to our channel now to stay up to date on the latest on these topics!
Our law firm helps growing companies who import and export comply with government regulations. We love what we do and we take our oath of confidentiality over your matters very seriously. How much? Watch this video to learn about it. CLICK HERE
Wondering "why should you have an attorney on your side?" Click here to watch one of our attorneys, Susan Steinman, break down the critical benefits as to why you want to have one on your side - whether you hire us to help you or another law firm.
Have questions? We are determined to help you.
We listen carefully to clients to ensure our understanding of the legal issues at hand, their factual context, and any limitations that might impact a chosen strategy. Feel free to connect with us using the contact form at the bottom of the Home page or send us an email at email@example.com.