Types of Export Transactions and The Parties Involved
In any export transaction there are many individuals involved aside from the exporter and receiver of the goods. As regulated by the Foreign Trade Regulations, responsibility for the cargo itself as well as the filing of the relevant documentation shifts between parties throughout the entire export transaction.
Parties to an Export Transaction
The domestic parties, parties located physically within the United States, are as follows:
• U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) - The entity shipping the goods.
• Authorized Agent - An individual who obtains power of attorney to prepare and file
Electronic Export Information (EEI).
• Carrier - The entity that executes the movement of the cargo.
The foreign parties may include the following:
• Foreign Principal Party in Interest (FPPI) - The party abroad who purchases the
• Intermediate Consignee - The party in the delivery country who is effecting
delivery of the product to the ultimate consignee.
• Ultimate Consignee- The party that is located abroad and actually receives the
export shipment in the final country.
The Two Types of Export Transactions
The two types of exports are differentiated by which party controls the movement of the cargo. In a standard export transaction the USPPI controls the movement of the cargo and is responsibility for filing the EEI. On the other hand, in a routed export transaction the FPPI controls the movement of the cargo and must hire an authorized agent to file the EEI.
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