Who Are End Users and What Are End Use Controls?
The Export Administration Regulations (EAR) regulates who exporters may send their goods to and provides information for which transactions prompt the need for special licenses.
The end user in an export transaction is the individual or entity that ultimately obtains the contents of the cargo. The end user is not always the purchaser of the goods. The Departments of State, Commerce and Treasury all maintain and enforce sanctions lists related to their relevant domain of international affairs. A foreign individual or entity may be placed on one or more of these lists resulting in either a complete block or particular restrictions from U.S. exports or commercial transactions. All of the lists can be searched simultaneously by using the International Trade Administration's Consolidated Screening List. The Consolidated Screening List allows exporters to search variations of the name, address and destined country of any entity involved in an export transaction to ensure they are not listed personally or affiliated with any listed entities.
End Use Controls
The EAR also lists restrictions for goods that may be used in particular ways that are deemed dangerous. The most common end use restrictions include: Nuclear; Rocket Systems and UAVs; Chemical and Biological Weaponry; and Military Activity. When filing the electronic export information for a transaction an exporter is tasked with describing their cargo with an appropriate Electronic Control Classification Number (ECCN) and upon selection will be prompted of the need for any additional licenses or approval due to end use controls.
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